Monday, 22 Jan 2018

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Worldwide Trends in BMI in Children, Adolescents and Adults

Lancet reports on the analysis of 2416 studies, involving 128.9 million persons over 5 years of age shows previously rising trends in children's and adolescents' BMI have plateaued in many high-income countries, but still at high levels. 

Frequency of Rheumatoid Knee Replacements Down in the Biologic Era

A time-series analysis of incident rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients seen between 1996 and 2011 in the Danish National Patient Register shows that the incidence of hip (THR) and knee replacements (TKR) began to decrease after the introdution of biologic agents for RA in 2002.

Baseline Risk Score Predicts Serious Infection Risk in TNF-Treated RA Patients

Curtis and colleagues have analyzed the certolizumab (CZP) RAPID1 and RAPID2 trials to assess the risk of serious infectious events (SIEs), and shown that steroids combined with an age-adjusted comorbidity index (AACI) yields a 2-3 fold predictable risk for SIE.

Advantages of Intravenous Pulse Cyclophosphamide in ANCA-associated Vasculitis

Researchers from the Nottingham University Hospitals have analyzed the efficacy and safety of  oral (PO) and intravenous (IV)  cyclophosphamide (CTX) in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) patients and demonstrated a trend for fewer relapses, better 1 year survival and less toxicity with IV CTX.

The RheumNow Week in Review - 15 December 2017

Dr. Jack Cush reviews the news from the past week on RheumNow.com. Subscribe to the podcast on iTunes and SoundCloud.com. 

FDA Approves Xeljanz for Use in Psoriatic Arthritis

Pfizer Inc. announced today that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Xeljanz (tofacitinibi) for the treatment of adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to methotrexate or other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

Cochrane Review: Calcium Channel Blocker Efficacy in Raynaud's

The Cochrane Database has published its review of calcium channel blockers (CCB) in Raynaud's phenomenon, showing CCBs may be useful in reducing the frequency, duration, severity of attacks, pain and disability associated with Raynaud's phenomenon, especially with primary Raynaud's.

Fatigue, HAQ and Hand Disability Correlated in Early Systemic Sclerosis

Early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (SSc) was associated with high levels of disability and fatigue, according to analysis of data from the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort.

Febuxostat Works in Early Gout But Fails to Protect from Xray Damage

Dalbeth and colleagues have published a novel report in Arthritis & Rheumatology, novel in that it is a trial of early gout patients that looks at clinical and radiographic outcomes. They showed that febuxostat improves magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of synovitis and reduced gout flares, but failed to alter X-ray progression with 2 years follow-up. 

FDA Approves Mepolizumab for Churg-Strauss (EGPA)

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved use of Nucala (mepolizumab) for use in treating adults with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously known as Churg-Strauss vasculitis. This is first FDA-approved therapy specifically to treat EGPA. 

EGPA is rare with an stimated incidence of 0.11 to 2.66 cases per 1 million per year and an overall prevalence of 10.7 to 14 per 1,000,000 adults.

Kidney Dysfunction Frequent in RA

Renal dysfunction is common among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly among older patients, women, and those with hypertension, Japanese researchers reported.

Using absolute estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR), 33.8% of patients had renal dysfunction, according to Shunsuke Mori, MD, of Kumamoto Saishunsou National Hospital in Kohshi, and colleagues. 

Offspring of RA Women Have Higher Risk of RA and Other Diseases

Despite a growing body of evidence suggesting that maternal health is more important than maternal medications to fetal and infant outcomes, little is known about the long term oucomes of infants born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using Danish population data, researchers have shown in utero exposure to maternal RA is associated with an increased risk of thyroid disease, and an increased risk of future RA.