Wednesday, 24 Apr 2019

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Acute Problems Associated With Cannabis Use

An observational study published in Annals of Internal Medicine finds that emergency department (ED) visits attributable to inhaled cannabis are more frequent than those attributable to edible cannabis, although the latter is associated with more acute psychiatric visits and more ED visits than expected.

Presenting Features of Early SLE

What clinical features best identify early systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients from mimics?  A multicenter, multinational study aimed to evaluate manifestations at disease onset and to compare early SLE manifestations to those of diseases mimicking SLE.

Artificial Intelligence to Predict Rheumatoid Disease Activity

A recent study in JAMA Network Open shows that artificial intelligence models can use electronic health record data to prognosticate future patient outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Autoimmune Disease Clustering at ENDO 2019

A twin registry database study was presented at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting (ENDO 2019) in New Orleans, showed that that having autoimmune disease significantly increases the risk of other autoimmune disorders and that autoimmune clustering was highest in Addison's disease and vitiligo. 

Resistant Hypertension Common in SLE

Rates of resistant hypertension were doubled among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), significantly increasing their mortality risks, a retrospective single-center study found.

Among patients with SLE, the prevalence of resistant hypertension was 10.2% compared with 5.3% among controls (OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.60-2.55, P<0.0001), according to Cecilia P. Chung, MD, and colleagues from Vanderbilt University in Nashville.

Improved Mortality Trends in Lupus Nephritis

The mortality rate from end- stage renal disease (ESRD) in lupus nephritis (LN) patients has significantly decreased in the last decade.

Risky Painkillers Commonly Prescribed for Osteoarthritis

Published guidelines warn that treating osteoarthritis (OA) with opioids and benzodiazepines can boost patients' risk of falling. Nevertheless, physicians in a large health system were prescribing those drugs for the condition nearly a third of the time, often in the vulnerable elderly, according to a study reported here.

Cyclosporin and IVIG Effective in Kawasaki's Disease

A Lancet study has shown that adding cyclosporin to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) Kawasaki disease patients, who were predicted to be resistant to IVIG, was both safe and effective in averting severe coronary artery outcomes.

No Rise in Cancer Risk with Actemra

In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there was no increased risk for malignancy development seen with newly initiated tocilizumab (Actemra) treatment, an analysis of three U.S. insurance claim databases found.

Ironwood Retreats from the US Gout Market

Ironwood Pharmaceuticals discontinued the marketing and sales of both lesinurad (Zurampic) the combination drug of lesinurad and allopurinol (Duzallo) in the United States effective February 1, 2019. In addition the Duzallo and Zurampic Patient Savings Program were also discontinued on December 31, 2018.

The company stated that this was a financial decision unrelated to the efficacy or safety of lesinurad.

CRA Position Statement on Medical Cannabis Use

Courtesy of the Canadian Rheumatology Association (CRA) website, here are consensus guidelines on medical cannabis use.

Rheumatology patients experience prevalent pain that is only modestly controlled with current treatment strategies.

RheumNow Podcast – You Owe Me a DEXA (3.15.19)

Dr. Jack Cush reviews this week's news and highlights from RheumNow.com.