A NEJM report shows that the use of vitamin D3 supplementation (4000 IU per day) in those without diabetes or vitamin D deficiency failed to significantly lower risk of type 2 diabetes (compared to placebo).
The rational for this report included observational data showing an association between a low blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and the risk of type 2 diabetes.
The comparative risk for gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) was compared to vitamin K antagonists or anti-platelet agents in a recent metanalysis, which showed no significant difference in major GIB events between these agents.
The NEJM has reported that rituximab (RTX) and cyclosporine (CYA) was noninferior to cyclosporine in inducing complete or partial remission of proteinuria at 12 months and was superior in maintaining proteinuria remission up to 24 months.
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a severe hyperinflammatory syndrome induced by activated macrophages and cytotoxic T cells. HLH manifests recurrent fever, cytopenia, liver dysfunction, and a sepsis-like syndrome that may complicated by multiple organ failure.