Friday, 15 Dec 2017

News

The RheumNow Week in Review - 15 December 2017

Dr. Jack Cush reviews the news from the past week on RheumNow.com. Subscribe to the podcast on iTunes and SoundCloud.com. 

FDA Approves Xeljanz for Use in Psoriatic Arthritis

Pfizer Inc. announced today that the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Xeljanz (tofacitinibi) for the treatment of adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to methotrexate or other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

Cochrane Review: Calcium Channel Blocker Efficacy in Raynaud's

The Cochrane Database has published its review of calcium channel blockers (CCB) in Raynaud's phenomenon, showing CCBs may be useful in reducing the frequency, duration, severity of attacks, pain and disability associated with Raynaud's phenomenon, especially with primary Raynaud's.

Fatigue, HAQ and Hand Disability Correlated in Early Systemic Sclerosis

Early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (SSc) was associated with high levels of disability and fatigue, according to analysis of data from the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort.

Febuxostat Works in Early Gout But Fails to Protect from Xray Damage

Dalbeth and colleagues have published a novel report in Arthritis & Rheumatology, novel in that it is a trial of early gout patients that looks at clinical and radiographic outcomes. They showed that febuxostat improves magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of synovitis and reduced gout flares, but failed to alter X-ray progression with 2 years follow-up. 

FDA Approves Mepolizumab for Churg-Strauss (EGPA)

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved use of Nucala (mepolizumab) for use in treating adults with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously known as Churg-Strauss vasculitis. This is first FDA-approved therapy specifically to treat EGPA. 

EGPA is rare with an stimated incidence of 0.11 to 2.66 cases per 1 million per year and an overall prevalence of 10.7 to 14 per 1,000,000 adults.

Kidney Dysfunction Frequent in RA

Renal dysfunction is common among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), particularly among older patients, women, and those with hypertension, Japanese researchers reported.

Using absolute estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR), 33.8% of patients had renal dysfunction, according to Shunsuke Mori, MD, of Kumamoto Saishunsou National Hospital in Kohshi, and colleagues. 

Offspring of RA Women Have Higher Risk of RA and Other Diseases

Despite a growing body of evidence suggesting that maternal health is more important than maternal medications to fetal and infant outcomes, little is known about the long term oucomes of infants born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using Danish population data, researchers have shown in utero exposure to maternal RA is associated with an increased risk of thyroid disease, and an increased risk of future RA.

AASM Guidelines for Sleep Apnea Testing

A task force from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) performed a systematic review of the scientific literature on obstructive sleep apnea and screening tests.

2017 Update of Treat to Target Recommendations for SpA/PsA

A 2017 international committee of experts met to assess and revise its earlier 2012 recommendations regarding treating to target in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial peripheral spondyloarthritis (SpA). 

Why TNF Inhibitors May Work in Some Autoinflammatory Patients

The NLRP3 inflammasome is a critical component of the innate immune system and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome results in caspase-1–dependent secretion of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. Gain-of-function missense mutations in NLRP3 is thought to drive many of the autoinflammatory diseases, especially the cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS).

The RheumNow Week in Review - 8 December 2017

Dr. Jack Cush covers the news and journal articles published on RheumNow.comin the past week.