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Safety and Efficacy of a JAKi in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Refractory to Biologic DMARDs: Results Through Week 204 From the SELECT-CHOICE Study

  • Sponsored by AbbVie Medical Affairs
Feb 02, 2024 10:10 am


Adults with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to one or more tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers.

Limitations of Use for RA: Upadacitinib is not recommended for use in combination with other JAK inhibitors, biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), or with potent immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and cyclosporine.


Serious Infections: Patients treated with upadacitinib are at increased risk for developing serious infections that may lead to hospitalization or death. These infections include tuberculosis (TB), invasive fungal, bacterial, viral, and other infections due to opportunistic pathogens. Most patients who developed these infections were taking concomitant immunosuppressants, such as methotrexate or corticosteroids. Test for latent TB before and during therapy; treat latent TB prior to use. Consider the risks and benefits prior to initiating therapy in patients with chronic or recurrent infection. If a serious infection develops, interrupt upadacitinib until the infection is controlled.

Mortality: In a postmarketing safety study in RA patients ≥ 50 years of age with at least one cardiovascular (CV) risk factor comparing another JAK inhibitor to TNF blockers, a higher rate of all-cause mortality, including sudden CV death, was observed with the JAK inhibitor.

Malignancies: Malignancies have been observed in upadacitinib treated patients. In RA patients treated with another JAK inhibitor, a higher rate of lymphomas and lung cancers was observed when compared with TNF blockers. Patients who are current or past smokers are at additional increased risk. Consider the benefits and risks for the individual patient prior to initiating or continuing therapy with upadacitinib, particularly in patients with a known malignancy (other than a successfully treated non-melanoma skin cancer [NMSC]), patients who develop a malignancy when on treatment, and patients who are current or past smokers. NMSCs have been reported in patients treated with upadacitinib. Periodic skin examination is recommended for patients who are at increased risk for skin cancer. Advise patients to limit sunlight exposure by wearing protective clothing and using sunscreen.

Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE): In RA patients who were ≥ 50 years of age with at least one CV risk factor treated with another JAK inhibitor, a higher rate of MACE (CV death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) was observed compared with TNF blockers. Patients who are current or past smokers are at additional increased risk. Consider the benefits and risks for the individual patient prior to initiating or continuing therapy with upadacitinib. Patients should be informed about the symptoms of serious CV events and the steps to take if they occur. Discontinue upadacitinib in patients that have experienced a myocardial infarction or stroke.

Thrombosis: Thrombosis, including deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and arterial thrombosis, have occurred in patients treated with JAK inhibitors, including upadacitinib. Many of these adverse events were serious and some resulted in death. In RA patients who were ≥ 50 years of age with at least one CV risk factor treated with another JAK inhibitor, a higher rate of thrombosis was observed when compared with TNF blockers. Avoid upadacitinib in patients at risk. Patients with symptoms of thrombosis should discontinue upadacitinib and be promptly evaluated.

Hypersensitivity Reactions: Upadacitinib is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to upadacitinib or any of its excipients. Serious hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylaxis and angioedema were reported in patients receiving upadacitinib in clinical trials. If a clinically significant hypersensitivity reaction occurs, discontinue upadacitinib and institute appropriate therapy.

Other Serious Adverse Reactions: Patients treated with upadacitinib also may be at risk for other serious adverse reactions, including gastrointestinal perforations, neutropenia, lymphopenia, anemia, lipid elevations, liver enzyme elevations, and embryo-fetal toxicity. If upadacitinib exposure occurs during pregnancy, please report the pregnancy to the surveillance program by calling 1-800-633-9110.

Vaccinations: Avoid use of live vaccines during, or immediately prior to, upadacitinib therapy. Prior to initiating upadacitinib, it is recommended that patients be brought up to date with all immunizations, including prophylactic varicella zoster or herpes zoster vaccinations, in agreement with current immunization guidelines.

Medication Residue in Stool: Reports of medication residue in stool or ostomy output have occurred in patients taking upadacitinib. Most reports described patients with shortened gastrointestinal transit times. Instruct patients to contact their healthcare provider if medication residue is observed repeatedly.

Common Adverse Reactions in RA: The most common adverse reactions (≥1%) were upper respiratory tract infections, herpes zoster, herpes simplex, bronchitis, nausea, cough, pyrexia, acne, and headache.

Review accompanying upadacitinib full Prescribing Information for additional information, visit or contact AbbVie Medical Information at 1-800-633-9110.



Rheumatoid Arthritis
Abatacept is indicated for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active RA.

Limitations of Use: The concomitant use of abatacept with other potent immunosuppressants (e.g., biologic DMARDs, JAK inhibitors) is not recommended.





Infections: Concomitant use with a TNF blocker can increase the risk of infections and serious infections. Serious infections have been reported. Patients with a history of recurrent infections or underlying conditions predisposing to infections may experience more infections. Discontinue if a serious infection develops. Screen for latent TB infection prior to initiating therapy. Patients testing positive should be treated prior to initiating abatacept.

Hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis have occurred.

Screen for viral hepatitis prior to initiating abatacept.

Vaccinations: Update vaccinations prior to initiating abatacept. Live vaccines should not be given concurrently or within 3 months of discontinuation. Abatacept may blunt the effectiveness of some immunizations.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: COPD patients may develop more frequent respiratory adverse events.

Common Adverse Reactions: The most common adverse reactions (≥10%) are headache, upper respiratory tract infections, nasopharyngitis, and nausea.

For additional information, please refer to abatacept Prescribing Information.