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Apremilast Equals MTX in Palmoplantar Psoriasis

Mar 18, 2021 12:54 pm

Palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP) is a therapeutically challenging variant of psoriasis; nonetheless, a prospective, randomized, active-controlled trial from India suggests that apremilast is effective and safe in patients with PPP.

A total of 84 patients from tertiary psoriasis clinic with active palmoplantar psoriasis were randomized to receive either methotrexate (0.4 mg/kg/week orally) or apremilast (30 mg twice daily). The primary endpoints was the 16 week m-PPASI75 (≥ 75% improvement in the Modified Palmoplantar Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) and Dermatology Life Quality Index scores were assessed..

The change in m-PPPASI score at 16 weeks was significant for both groups (median change):

  • Apremilast [- 6.3 (10.9), p < 0.001]
  • Methotrexate groups [- 8.5 (9.9), p < 0.001]

The percentage of patients achieving a m-PPPASI 75 at 16 weeks was also equivalent (but again favored MTX):

  • Apremilast responders 14/42 (33%)
  • MTX responders  17/42 (41%) (comparison p = 0.49)

Both groups had a significant reduction in the Dermatology Life Quality Index score:

  • Apremilast: - 3.0 (6.0)
  • MTX  - 3.0 (6.3)

The adverse events were comparable between groups (p = 0.49).

Apremilast showed a comparable efficacy and safety profile to methotrexate in patients with palmoplantar psoriasis.

Disclosures
The author has no conflicts of interest to disclose related to this subject

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