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SEMIRA Study: Best to Continue Low Dose Steroids in RA

Jul 28, 2020 12:20 pm

The SEMIRA trial studied the  tapering vs continuing oral glucocorticoids in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who achieved a low disease activity state (with tocilizumab) were more likely to show safety and better disease control with continuing steroids - even though two-thirds of patients were able to safely taper their glucocorticoid dose.

The Steroid EliMination In Rheumatoid Arthritis (SEMIRA) trial was a multicentre, randomised controlled trial of adult RA patients who were given tocilizumab (SC 162 mg q 8 wk or IV 8 mg/kg with or without csDMARDs) and prednisone 5–15 mg per day for 24 weeks. Thereafter, if they had stable low disease activity (by DAS28-ESR < 3.2) and were on prednisone 5 mg per day for 4 weeks or more, they were randomized to either blindly continue prednisone 5 mg per day or to taper prednisone reaching 0 mg per day by week 16. maintained at stable doses during the entire 24-week study. The primary outcome was the DAS28-ESR change at week 24. 

A total of 421 RA patients were enrolled. At week 24 the change in DAS-28-ESR was

  • Continued steroid (N=128) −0·08 (–0·27 to 0·12)
  • Tapered steroid (N=131):  0·54 (95% CI 0·35–0·73) (difference 0·61 [0·35–0·88]; p<0·0001)

The results favored continuing prednisone 5 mg per day group. Successful treatment (LDAS, no flare) at week 24 was achieved in 77% of the continued-prednisone group and 65% of the tapered-prednisone group (relative risk 0·83; 95% CI 0·71–0·97).

Serious adverse events were similar between groups (5% vs 3%) and no one developed adrenal insufficiency.

 

Disclosures
The author has no conflicts of interest to disclose related to this subject

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